Bobcats are usually quiet, but they can make sounds. There is an increasing number of big cat reports in the state, and bobcats have grown in range and abundance. It makes its home near agricultural areas, if rocky ledges, swamps, or forested tracts are present; its spotted coat serves as camouflage. BUT THEY CAN HYBRIDIZE.  A study in coastal Southern California has shown bobcat populations are affected by urbanization, creation of roads, and other developments. Bobcats are solitary except during the breeding season, which usually occurs during February or March.  While thought to no longer exist in western New York and Pennsylvania, multiple confirmed sightings of bobcats (including dead specimens) have been recently reported in New York's Southern Tier and in central New York, and a bobcat was captured in 2018 on a tourist boat in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Wild bobcats come to Big Cat Rescue for two reasons. This leads to a decrease in natural genetic diversity among bobcat populations.  The largest-bodied bobcats are from eastern Canada and northern New England of the subspecies L. r. gigas, while the smallest are from the southeastern subspecies L. r. floridanus, particularly those in the southern Appalachians. Its spotted patterning acts as camouflage. Generally, an off-white color is seen on the lips, chin, and underparts. Research in Maine has shown little evidence of competitive relationships between the bobcat and coyote or red fox; separation distances and territory overlap appeared random among simultaneously monitored animals. Left alone, they often pose no threat to humans, but in rare instances, bobcats can be dangerous. Farias, V., Fuller, T. K., Wayne, R. K., & Sauvajot, R. M. (2005). The female may later go on to mate with other males, and males generally mate with several females. , Like all cats, the bobcat 'directly registers', meaning its hind prints usually fall exactly on top of its fore prints. The young open their eyes by the ninth or tenth day. The bobcat is a stealthy, mid-sized predator that inhabits woodlands and forests in North America. Bobcats, sometimes called wildcats, are roughly twice as big as the average housecat. Most bobcats are brown or brownish red with a white underbelly and short, black-tipped tail. The information the DNR has suggests bobcats are common in southern Indiana and expanding in other parts of Indiana. Though bigger than a house cat, they are too small to hunt and eat people. Its status has changed dramatically in our state. A second population arrived from Asia and settled in the north, developing into the modern Canada lynx. , Like most felines, the bobcat is largely solitary, but ranges often overlap. The females in southern California, on average, weigh around 7 kilograms (15 pounds), while the males on average weigh around 8-9 kilograms (18 pounds). Their coat colors can run anything between the two. Transient bobcats were found to have both larger (roughly 22 sq mi (57 km2)) and less well-defined home ranges. If a bobcat is causing damage or is a nuisance, consult Maine's laws on this subject. bobcat (Lynx rufus rufus) Characteristics. It prefers woodlands—deciduous, coniferous, or mixed—but unlike the other Lynx species, it does not depend exclusively on the deep forest. The bobcat breeds from winter into spring and has a gestation period of about two months. The one on the left is a “red” bobcat and the one on the right is a “blue” bobcat.  For bobcats, preserving open space in sufficient quantities and quality is necessary for population viability. Bobcat sightings are also tracked through the annual Archer’s Index, where volunteer deer bow hunters report the number of hours they hunt and the species they saw while hunting. They generally breed between February and June, and have a litter size of 1-6 young (2-3 is typical) that are born after a gestation period of approximately 60 days.  When walking or trotting, the tracks are spaced roughly 8 to 18 in (20 to 46 cm) apart. The Bobcat is a medium-sized, reddish brown or grayish cat. They are a medium sized feline weighing between 10 and 35 pounds, averaging 3 feet in length, have a 5 inch tail, and males are larger than females. , The face appears wide due to ruffs of extended hair beneath the ears. The ears are black-tipped and pointed, with short, black tufts. On the rare occasions a bobcat kills a deer, it eats its fill and then buries the carcass under snow or leaves, often returning to it several times to feed. This population evolved into modern bobcats around 20,000 years ago. One to six, but usually two to four, kittens are born in April or May, after roughly 60 to 70 days of gestation. The bobcat (Lynx rufus), also known as the red lynx, is a medium-sized cat native to North America from southern Canada, most of the contiguous United States to Oaxaca in Mexico.It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002, because it is widely distributed and abundant. , It has been known to kill deer or pronghorn, and sometimes to hunt elk in western North America, especially in winter when smaller prey is scarce, or when deer populations become more abundant. Bobcats are about two to three times the size of their distant relative, the domestic house cat, and the tracks of a young bobcat are often confused with those left by a roaming house cat. Its den smells strongly of the bobcat. Though the bobcat prefers rabbits and hares, it hunts insects, chickens, geese and other birds, small rodents, and deer. The bobcat is a less well-known species that can be found throughout most of North America.  Research in Texas has suggested establishing a home range is necessary for breeding; studied animals with no set range had no identified offspring. Bobcats locally have never been documented to eat people's pets or attack people. , The bobcat hunts animals of different sizes, and adjusts its hunting techniques accordingly. The bobcat has one of the most valued pelts of all our furbearer species.  One mite in particular, Lynxacarus morlani, has to date been found only on the bobcat. They stand 20 to 23 inches high at the shoulder and are 30 to 35 inches in length.  Alternative rodent control measures such as vegetation control and use of traps have been suggested to alleviate this issue.. A hunting license and an open season are required to hunt them. Bobcats are subject to feline distemper, and prey availability is an important population control. The under parts are usually white with black spots and the insides of the legs are marked with black bars. The animal is regulated in all three of its range countries, and is found in a number of protected areas of the United States, its principal territory. They feed on small animals and sometimes small or sick deer.  Estimates from the US Fish and Wildlife Service placed bobcat numbers between 700,000 and 1,500,000 in the US in 1988, with increased range and population density suggesting even greater numbers in subsequent years; for these reasons, the U.S. has petitioned CITES to remove the cat from Appendix II. Sometimes, a second litter is born as late as September.  By 2010, bobcats appear to have recolonized many states, occurring in every state in the continuous 48 except Delaware. Both sexes look alike. ", Species portrait Bobcat; IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bobcat&oldid=991548492, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:12.  One study in Kansas found resident males to have ranges of roughly 8 sq mi (21 km2), and females less than half that area. In a Shawnee tale, the bobcat is outwitted by a rabbit, which gives rise to its spots. The largest recorded body weight (51-pound male) occurred in Pittsburg NH in 1927. Lynx rufus. The female generally gives birth in an enclosed space, usually a small cave or hollow log. Two subspecies are recognised, one east of the Great Plains, and the other west of the Great Plains. It is an excellent climber, and swims when it needs to, but normally avoids water. They have long legs, large paws, and tufted ears similar to those of their larger relative, the Canada lynx. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002, because it is widely distributed and abundant. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002, because it is widely distributed and abundant. Ages: 14 years and up. During this time they will learn to hunt before setting out on their own. The annual turnover or mortality rate in bobcats is estimated at 22%.  A link has been observed between population density and sex ratio. The Hopewell normally buried their dogs, so the bones were initially identified as remains of a puppy, but dogs were usually buried close to the village and not in the mounds themselves. Bobcats are distributed from coast to coast in the US and from southern Canada to Mexico through 12 subspecies. Bobcat Company: Leader in Compact Equipment Manufacturer of Loaders, Excavators, Compact Tractors, Mowers, Utility Products, Telehandlers and Attachments. , It is listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which means it is not considered threatened with extinction, but hunting and trading must be closely monitored. Bobcat territories here in the Northeast will range from 8 to 20 square miles. Bobcats are about twice the size of a common house cat. Once the male recognizes the female is receptive, he grasps her in the typical felid neck grip and mates with her.  The latest revision of cat taxonomy in 2017, by the Cat Classification Taskforce of the Cat Specialist Group recognises only two subspecies, based on phylogeographic and genetic studies, although the status of the Mexican bobcat (Lynx rufus esquinapae syn. Ears and tails are the one sure way to tell a bobcat apart from anything else. WHERE: Almost everywhere in North America. The bobcat hunts by stealth, but delivers a deathblow with a leaping pounce that can cover 10 feet. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, bobcats killed 11,100 sheep in 2004, comprising 4.9% of all sheep predator deaths. When walking your dog, use a 6-foot leash and be especially wary near creeks or wooded areas. Kittens that have been separated from their mothers or orphaned and are too young to survive in the wild. 12 or 13 pound queens are not unusual in much of their range. Male bobcats in New Hampshire average 27 pounds while females average 17. Click to hear bobcat sounds. Its preference is for mammals weighing about 1.5 to 12.5 lb (0.7 to 6 kg). , The adult bobcat has relatively few predators other than humans. The bobcats in the North tend to be larger than those in the south. Caro was born in February 2009 and survived a near-fatal bout with pneumonia as a kitten. The bobcat, which is one of two predatory big cats found in Florida, is the most abundant wildcat in the United States. Although it has been hunted extensively both for sport and fur, populations have proven resilient though declining in some areas.. The cat’s fur can be many different colors, from yellow-tan to red-brown. Home range size in eastern Washington tends to be larger. The tracks can range in size from 1 to 3 in (2.5 to 7.6 cm); the average is about 1.8 inches. It then pounces, grabbing its prey with its sharp, retractable claws. Believe it or not, there's a method to the madness. It was removed from the threatened list of Illinois in 1999 and of Iowa in 2003.  In addition, bobcat sightings have been confirmed in northern Indiana, and one was recently killed near Albion, Michigan. SIZE: Length 2.5-3.5 ft.; height 12-24 in.  In Michigan, however, they have been observed staying with their mother as late as the next spring. The Bobcats want to get to .500 in the district standings. Kittens had the smallest range at about 3 sq mi (7.8 km2). , Urbanization can result in the fragmentation of contiguous natural landscapes into patchy habitat within an urban area. The bobcats ability to adapt to many different habitats and ranges is what has made it such a successful species. However, the stealthy, native wildcats are rarely observed by humans.  In its territory, the bobcat has numerous places of shelter, usually a main den, and several auxiliary shelters on the outer extent of its range, such as hollow logs, brush piles, thickets, or under rock ledges. , Reports on seasonal variation in range size have been equivocal. Bobcats stand 19-22 inches at the shoulder and 28-49 inches in length on average. Bobcats are solitary except during the breeding season and for mothers with young.  Bobcats are also occasional hunters of livestock and poultry. Its trail is very narrow because its hind feet prints lie directly on top of, or in \"register\" with, its forefeet prints.  Like other Lynx species, bobcats probably avoid encounters with bears, in part because they are likely to lose kills to them or may rarely be attacked by them. Internal parasites (endoparasites) are especially common in bobcats.
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