Aggressiveness The Purple Frilly gorgonian is very peaceful and pose no threat to any other corals or gorgonians. Gorgonians are colonial soft corals that belong to the order Alcyonacea. Waterflow They require good … They need good currents to help rid themselves of the waxy film that is secreted to rid themselves of algae. In the wild, Gorgonian corals eat a wide variety of marine organic matter, as they inhabit a wide variety of environments. Care of Photosynthetic Gorgonians: Those that are photosynthetic need good lighting as well as strong currents. They have cylindrical branchlets which sets them apart from Pseudopterogorgia. Gorgonian corals are different from other species due to the number of their tentacles. Their polyps grow on the edges of the blades and even though the polyps are white (which non-photosynthetic have), they actually are a photosynthetic gorgonian. Yet although they are considered a more difficult coral to care for, they can thrive for a long time if provided with the proper environment. Some Gorgonians that are most familiar include: Gorgonian Care Though considered more difficult to care for, Gorgonians can thrive for a long time if provided with the proper environment. Copyright © [Animal-World] 1998-2020. Other species, like the non-photosynthetic Red Gorgonian, should be kept toward the bottom of your tank. This order, along with numerous others, is a member of the Subclass Octocorallia, known as the Octocorals. Water quality should be high and 0 phosphates. At present, black corals are placed in the order Antipatharia (phylum Cnidaria, class Anthozoa, subclass Hexacorallia), which consists of approximately 7 families, 42 genera and 230 species. Calcaxonia are similarly formed, they can have a horn, antler, or fan-like appearance in aggregate. With non-photosynthetic Gorgonians, you must take due care to feed the species on a daily basis. The Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian has a pale gray or even a slight cast of purple as can be seen in this video. Gorgonians have a central stem that is tough, yet very flexible. Gorgonian (a.k.a Sea Fans) Gorgonian: This family of soft coral is also called sea whips or sea fans. These habitats are analogous to the fields of diverse species of Alcyonacean soft corals found in the western Pacific. The Purple Sea Blade, found in the same waters as the Purple Bush Sea Fan compliment each other! This gorgonian is a type of colonial alcyonacea soft coral that filters plankton from passing ocean currents. Corals Soft Corals Gorgonians & Sponge Tank Raised Grube's Photosynthetic Gorgonian Soft Coral As Low As: $25.00 Tank Raised Photosynthetic Gorgonian Soft Coral As Low As: $29.00 What are Gorgonians The Gorgonians inhabit many areas of the oceans. The Yellow Finger Gorgonian is common throughout the Caribbean and is yellow with red calyces. Gorgonians, the elegant Sea Fans and Sea whips! These derive much of their nutrition from a marine algae known as zoozanthellae, contained in their tissue,. Reef aquarium setup for large reef tanks, Nano reef tanks, Pico reef or MIcro reef aquariums with reef tank lighting, filtration, choosing coral reef animals, and problem solving! The Gorgonian for sale at Foxy Saltwater Tropicals are sourced straight from the waters of the Caribbean, which is where the greatest concentration of gorgonians are found. Under the Alcyonacea order, the Gorgonians are further divided into three Suborders, Holaxonia, Scleraxonia, and Calcaxonia. Although most are not accustomed to the very strong lights produced by metal halide, it is said that they will eventually adjust and grow faster because of it. They can be easily overtaken by cyanobacteria and algae. Aqua Life Hub is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The polyps of this gorgonian are white and are usually only seen during the nighttime when the aquarium's lights are off. Corals fall into two general categories: hard and soft coral. The common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. The stem attaches to the substrate, with the delicate branches radiating outward. The Purple Bush Sea Fan is the only other plumelike Atlantic gorgonians. [Phyto] Coral type: Gorgonians. Setting up a Saltwater Aquarium. These are best enjoyed by watching amazing videos such as these. Often called flowers of the sea, they are quite varied and beautiful, but are actually animals! Guide to marine supplies, putting the aquarium together, cycling the aquarium water and adding fish! Great for beginners, this encrusting gorgonian mat has green polyps, as opposed to the tank or brown Briareum of the Atlantic. You can feed Gorgonian corals several things, like Marine Snow, micro-plankton, brine shrimp, copepods, and thawed marine organic materials (cut into small pieces, of course). The Finger Sea Fan eats every day and uses it's white polyps to take in very small foods. The distinctive forms of the Gorgonians include the beautiful sea fan, a dynamic sea whip or sea blade, or they can be bushy creating a sea rod resembling a soft sea spray. First, your tank should be at least 50 gallons, since they can grow to 16 inches. Pictures from a coral frag conference! The tropical Gorgonians were introduced into the saltwater aquarium trade in 1970, and specimens from the Caribbean were introduced in the 1980's. Alcyonacea, or soft corals, are an order of corals that do not produce calcium carbonate skeletons. They grow to over 3 feet (1 meter) and need straight moderate water flow, moderate to strong lighting that has 350 to 550 nm for best absorption and 0 phosphates. This video makes us all want to run out and buy one of these beautiful gorgonians! They do well with most water movement and do need light to survive and will grow quicker in strong lighting and feeding. The striking Purple Sea Rod, Eunicea flexuosa, is thicker in diameter than most other purple gorgonian species collected in Florida. Formerly known as gorgonians, they are sessile colonial cnidarians that are found throughout the oceans of the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics.Common names for subset of this order are sea fans and sea whips; they are similar to the sea pens of related order Pennatulacea. The order Alcyonacea consists of at least 500 species, with what are usually considered Gorgonian corals appearing in a variety of colors, from purple and red, to yellow, beige, or ruddy with white polyps. This all can lead to some confusion, but generally Gorgonian corals consist of thin-branched, tree-like colonies comprised of hundreds or thousands of polyps -- ones that secrete gorgonin to build their skeletons. Despite the relatively small number of species, black corals are spread throughout all the oceans of the world. With a uniquely tall vertical profile, and a tree like shape they add a natural appearance to the reef tank. Scleractinia, also called stony corals or hard corals, are marine animals in the phylum Cnidaria that build themselves a hard skeleton.The individual animals are known as polyps and have a cylindrical body crowned by an oral disc in which a mouth is fringed with tentacles. Most corals can only be safely identified to species by microscopic examination of the skeleton. Sadly this coral has a dismal record of surviving in even the most pristine aquariums. Sometimes you can stir up the gravel slightly in order to mix detritus in the water for feeding the detritus eating species. Gorgonians are also known as horny corals, and include sea whips, sea plumes, sea fans, and precious red coral. Gorgonians have an axial skeleton that spread tree-like from an anchor of hard Gorgonian and Planesubstrates such as rocks and corals. Gorgonian corals are found in coral reefs worldwide, but are most abundant and diverse in Caribbean reefs. Turn your light down or put them somewhere else in the tank that has dim lighting. This algae has a symbiotic relationship with the coral -- like most photosynthetic Gorgonian, or generally photosynthetic corals -- and provides nutrients like glucose and amino acids to its polyps. The axial skeleton of those in the suborder Holaxonia is composed of a fibrous protein substance, known as gorgonin. photo by nashworld on flickr. Yes, you can. Gorgonian Corals, belonging to the order Alcyonacea, are a group of soft, immobile, cnidarian corals that grow in colonies and whose skeletons are comprised of calcareous substances and/or a protein called gorgonin. Feed detritus, brine shrimp, Daphnia, Cyclops, or pulverized flake food, shrimp or clams. … Jungle's Pets and Animal Speak - Newsletter, Finger Sea Fan (Red Finger Coral, Yellow Finger Coral), What Are Gorgonians - Gorgonians, Sea Fans, Sea Whips. You can take the steps illustrated above ("Propagation") and use scissors, bone cutters, a razor, and reef-safe epoxies or glues. The bonus entry on this list is a coral we have nothing but contempt for, and that is encrusting gorgonian, Paraerythropodium caribaeorum. Then you must use a razor or scissors to cut off the bottom 1/2 or 1/4-inch of the existing exterior tissue, leaving the hard skeletal axis intact. In order to do this, you will want to cut off the existing branches that are located toward the top of the colony. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. But also in the Mediterranean Sea at the coast of Corsica, in the National Marine Park Scandola, the rocky reefs are colonized with these corals. completely not touching) other corals. These species really are found in near-surface reefs in the wild and should be treated as such. Know what type of Gorgonian you have, your tank, and determine placement accordingly. The Purple Candelabra Gorgonian is a gorgeous photosynthetic gorgonian coral boasting a lovely purple coloration and a striking architectural form. Some Gorgonian corals, like the Encrusting Gorgonian, are actually aggressive and can extend sweeper-type tentacles -- so keep in mind the temperament of the Gorgonian you choose. This species of ‘coral’ is less then scum, it looks totally nasty brown when the polyps are out, and it looks like a … Surge devices or turbulent water flow is best. This Gorgonian has wonderful polyps and cuttings look like small Pacific Ocean soft corals from the species … Each Gorgonian polyp has about eight tentacles, which catch plankton and particulate matter that is consumed through a … Gorgonian corals also referred to as sea fan corals can be found across the ocean. If you do not feel glue is right for your frag, fill a PVC pipe (roughly the same size as your cutting) with sand and place the frag inside. Use dim or subdued lighting (50 PAR or lower) with any non-photosynthetic Gorgonian species. This particular species exists at depths of 50 to 200 feet in the wild -- and therefore would require much lower PAR levels. Tissue generally much thicker and can be scraped off gorgonian axes, leaving them naked. They can be blue, red, yellow, or similarly more prominent colors. Plexaurella grandiflora - Slit-pore sea rod The fuzzy Gorgonian in the middle is Plexaurella grandiflora and it is called the Slit-pore sea rod. Coral Reef 101: Gorgonians Gorgonians and hard corals belong to the same group, the Cnidaria, which also includes the jellyfish, hydrozoans, sea anemones, and the Portuguese Man of War. This the result of this process is called coral bleaching, and can increase the risk of losing the entire colony. Gorgonain Informaton, Gorgonian care for all types of gorgonians, and Gorgonian Photos. As the name suggests, photosynthetic Gorgonian corals require a high (100 - 200 PAR, or more) degree of lighting. Since they are not one species, Gorgonian corals vary in appearance and are commonly referred to as Sea Rods, Sea Whips, Sea Fans, Sea Blades, Sea Fingers, Knotted Fan Corals, Horn, or Horny Corals. Many gorgonians are photosynthetic and so need light to survive. Gray Sea Fan Black Coral. Therefore, in aquarium environments, photosynthetic Gorgonian corals need the lighting to be on the moderate to higher side. If there is too much light, the coral will expel the zooxanthellae and it will lose its color (turn whitish). Care of Non-Photosynthetic Gorgonians: For those that need to be fed, feed them at least once a week. Scleraxonia consist of tiny pointed parts (spicules) fastened together by calcified secretions (or organic fibers) to form a skeletal axis. It is possible to propagate Gorgonian corals. Though found in many areas of the ocean, those found in tropical and subtropical waters have the most diversified shapes. While many Leather Corals and Soft Corals make great beginner corals, there are hundreds of other different types of soft corals. These are corals with eight-branched tentacles and eight septae in their polyp structure. Gorgonian corals, known as sea fans and also called horny corals, belong to the Phylum Cnidaria (the “C” is silent), which means “nettle” in Greek and includes hydroids, anemones, jellyfish and corals. It is covered with a living surface called a rind. Their greatest concentration though is through tropical and subtropical ocean waters. Feed everyday with small planktonic foods or finely minced thawed frozen foods. In either case photosynthetic gorgonians don't need to be fed in order to survive. Image ID: 34707 Species: Gorgonian, Gorgonacea Location: Vatu I Ra Passage, Bligh Waters, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Plexauridae sea fan or gorgonian on coral reef. They are found in shallower waters in various habitats and can be brown or yellow, however purple to purple-gray are the most common. They will shed their outer layer and rind periodically, appearing to be dead, so do not throw it away too soon! A nyone who has been diving extensively in the Caribbean has surely encountered the special reef habitats unique to the region: hardbottoms and reefs populated by conspicuous, highly diverse species of zooxanthellate gorgonians. The coral reefs in the Caribbean are dominated by gorgonians, because they occur there very often. Salty Underground has one of the largest selections of WYSIWYG live Corals for Sale and cheap coral frags online. Scleraxonia gorgonians have an axial skeleton that is permeated with calcareous spicules, these aid in support and structure. A truly faithful recreation of a tank-sized stretch of reef would probably include one or two species of gorgonians at most, especially considering the enormous sizes that gorgs can attain out in the ocean. Though this can be achieved through regular or filter-feeding, it is much easier to sustain photosynthetic corals in home aquariums, especially for beginners. They are a large group of corals with a wide variety of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species, and are typically found in tropical and subtropical environments. But if you had to categorize placement based on the photosynthetic or non-photosynthetic divide, generally keep photosynthetic Gorgonian corals toward the top of your tank. It is interesting to note that even photosynthetic Gorgonian corals can be kept at the bottom of the tank, like the Purple Sea Blade or the Bushy Sea Rod. When kept in a brightly lit tank, cyanobacteria seems to quickly cover and kill the Finger Sea Fan. The common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. Most require reef tank quality lighting. Scientific Name: Gorgonia sp Reef Compatibility: Reef Safe Minimum Tank Size: 30 gal or more Max Size: Up to 18" in height Food/Feeding: Photosynthetic, does best when fed phytoplankton as well. They are found especially in tropical and subtropical areas, where they can reach very shallow waters, and in temperate and polar regions, but here never shallower than 167 feet (50 m) in depth. Although some species are not ideal for aquarium environments, some of them are relatively easier to manage -- and their brightly colored, distinct appearance can make them an interesting addition to your tropical tank. Salty Underground is the online store for the saltwater hobbiest! There a well over 1200 types of Gorgonians in the ocean. There are no hard rules that apply to all different types of photosynthetic corals, but they generally need a moderate to turbulent rate. This post may have affiliate links, which means we may receive commissions if you choose to purchase through links I provide (at no extra cost to you). While many other gorgonians are shown in this video, making it worth watching, the Splendid Knotted Fan Coral close up is amazing! Sea fans are colonial animals that have a beautiful, branching structure that is covered by soft tissue. Those in the suborder Scleraxonia are calcium based like other Octocorals. The Gorgonians are soft coral colonies that are generally tree like. Common colors are yellow, red, brown, & purple. This video shows an amazing grouping of Red Gorgonians in the wild. Holaxonia gorgonians have an axial skeleton composed of a fibrous protein substance known as gorgonin, similar to animal horns, thus the names Gorgonian and Horn Coral. This image shows sea fans around a shipwreck. The described foods apply to the Red Gorgonian, a non-photosynthetic Gorgonian species. It is illegal to deliberately collect or damage these species. Get some laughs with this seriously funny care sheet on the Aiptasia Glass Anemones! Thus the underlying geology in the region determines the of deepwater coral species, including reef‐ building stony corals, black corals, gorgonian corals and stylasterid corals represent important structure‐forming species – growing Most deep‐sea corals (aside from pennatulaceans) and sponges require hard substrate for attachment. Unlike some corals, this food may be on the microscopic level. Types of Gorgonians Most Gorgonians are very colorful found in shades of yellow, orange, and red. This Purple Sea Blade also has a "sister, P. citrinia which is bright yellow, orange or brown with white polyps, and the olive colored morph is the most commonly collected for the marine trade. They are not as easy to care for unless the water quality is good. They do not have a good record for survival, often starving or death by cyano, algae or too much handling by the aquarist. The Caribbean gorgonians are dominant over scleractinian corals—both in size and number [1,2], are a rich source of natural products, and are important … In addition to this, Gorgonian corals can be fan-shaped, finger-shaped, blade or whip shaped, or look like polyp-covered rods. What are typically referred to as Gorgonian corals (the order Alcyonacea) are part of the subclass Octocorallia, the Octocorals -- corals with eight-tentacled polyps. Bushy Sea Rod, Rumphella aggregata in captivity, Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian, Briareum stechei, Captive green Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian, extensive video, Encrusting Gorgonian, pale colored, Erythropodium caribaeorum, Captive Encrusting Gorgonian showing typical coloring, Finger Sea Fan (yellow) Diodogorgia nodulifera, Aquarist filming their yellow Finger Sea Fan, Finger Sea Fan (Red) Diodogorgia nodulifera, Purple Sea Blade, Pterogorgia anceps and Purple Bush Sea Fan, Muriceopsis flavida, Purple Sea Blade in the middle of two Purple Bush Sea Fans, Red Gorgonian, Red Sea Fan, Leptogorgia chilensis, Video of wild colonies of Leptogorgia chilensis, Splendid Knotted Fan Coral, Melithaea (formerly Acabaria) splendens, Beginning of this video shows the Splendid Knotted Fan Coral. A native to tropical ocean areas, wild Gorgonians can be found in the Caribbean and the Caribbean-adjacent eastern Pacific. Gorgonian Photo. Most species need brisk but moderate water movement. Gorgonian Corals, belonging to the order Alcyonacea, are a group of soft, immobile, cnidarian corals that grow in colonies and whose skeletons are comprised of calcareous substances and/or a protein called gorgonin. This video is quite relaxing! In its taxonomical structure, the Gorgonians belong to the Order Alcyonacea, which also consists of the true soft corals. They do not need much light and tend to become covered with cyanobacteria, which is hard to see on this particular color for obvious reasons. Gorgonians on the other hand are primarily composed of living tissue. Hair Net Black Coral. Are Ghost Shrimp and Tetras Good Tank Mates? However, as mentioned before, a non-photosynthetic species like the Red Gorgonian would need a constant source of organic material in the water to get adequate nutrition. Black Corals. Pillar Coral. Gorgonians differ from stony corals. Sessile means they are anchored to the substrate, and from there they can be either erect or encrusting. Photosynthetic corals are much easier to care for (in some senses) than non-photosynthetic ones, especially in a home aquarium environment. Some unique Octocorals include the the Blue Coral, Mat Polyps like the Organ Pipe Coral and Green Star Polyps, and the Sea Pens. The mass of a stony coral is primarily made up of a rigid calcareous skeleton, with living tissue growing on top. This coral is easy to propagate and it is popular in the reef hobby. Most importantly, you will want to make sure the organic matter is small enough for the polyps to consume. Black Corals. Pillar corals (Dendrogyra cylindricus): This type of coral … The stem attaches to the substrate, with the delicate branches radiating outward. The Bushy Sea Rod is a more aquarium friendly gorgonian that should be housed in a tank that is at least 100 gallons. Sessile means they are anchored to the substrate, and from there they can be either erect or encrusting. It is important to be careful as to not overexpose the Gorgonian coral, even if it is photosynthetic. Primnoidae colonies, for example can be easily distinguished from black coral colonies (Parantipathes They generally exhibit upright, branching growth patterns that make them look a lot like underwater bushes or trees, and attach themselves to hard surfaces with a matlike holdfast. All rights reserved. The color can be permanent in those of the suborder Scleraxonia that incorporate pigmented sclerites within their structure. Salty Underground also has an ever increasing variety of Marine fish for sale!These saltwater fish are some of the healtiest marine fish for sale online. They get along with their own species, but other gorgonians can over take them, so keep each at a distance from one another. Bushy Black Coral. The color can be permanent in those of the suborder Scleraxonia that incorporate pigmented sclerites within their structure. And speaking of water flow, make sure the new frag is exposed to a steady current of water with moderate light. Gorgonian Octocorals are one of the most abundant, diverse, and eye-catching features on western Atlantic and Caribbean shallow-water Coral Reefs. For our purposes, we are going to mostly examine care for photosynthetic Gorgonian corals. Some photosynthetic Gorgonians can be fed while others cannot. Photosynthetic Gorgonians (like the Encrusting Gorgonian) can similarly be fed brine shrimp, micro-plankton, and rotifers, but this should be done weekly, as the species can survive well enough on light, a healthy water flow, and organic matter (like that of nearby-residing fish). Others that grow at great depths or in shaded areas don't require light. It is a bit more sensitive but rewards the aquarist with a beautiful candelabra form. Position them away from other corals, as they will overgrow them. Gorgonians usually must be fed to survive in the aquarium. Gorgonians are not recommended as a beginner's coral. They must be anchored to the substrate. It is similar to the horn material of mammals. Notes: The Sea Fan is peaceful, but it should be given adequate space away from neighboring corals and anemones. And you can have them sent to your front door by subscription! Most are found in shallow coastal waters down to depths of 985 feet (300 m), with only a few living in deeper seas. Gorgonians are members of the Subclass Octocorallia. The commentary on this video is helpful. The Encrusting Gorgonian, while sometimes having a blue to green cast, is typically cream or light brown. The term ‘Gorgonian’’ commonly refers to Octocorals (Subclass Octocorallia, Order Alcyonacea) with an internal supporting axis and branching or tree-like appearance. They need heavy feeding, which in turn pollutes the tank, fouling the water. This video shows many of the characteristics of the Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian. As Gorgonian corals inhabit tropical and sub-tropical waters, it makes sense to feed your coral with organic matter that would likely be found in your species' natural environment. Your tank should be at least a year old with very stable water conditions and 0 phosphates. Generally they will eat micro-plankton, small brine shrimp, fish detritus, rotifers, and copepods. Gorgonians are an interesting addition to any reef tank. Each of these beautiful corals will have care requirements that are just as diverse as the animals they are; consequently not all soft corals are easy keepers. Do not buy a Flamingo Tongue snail, as it will quickly eat your beautiful gorgonian! Gorgonians are in the class Anthozoa, which also includes other soft corals (e.g., sea whips), sea anemones, and stony or hard corals. In contrast, non-photosynthetic Gorgonian species like the Red Gorgonian do not contain zooxanthellae and do not need nearly as much light in order to survive. Sleek upright branches of the Purple Candelabra Gorgonian develop into its namesake candelabra-like shape for an incredible presentation in … Those in the suborder Scleraxonia are calcium based similar to other Octocorals. If you keep gorgonians–even thinking about keeping gorgonians–you should know a little “secret…” 5280 Pods and OceanMagik are available in a combo. The biggest difference between them is that stony corals have a hard calcium-carbonate skeleton while soft corals are flexible. This article will provide an overview of Gorgonian corals and illustrate best practices for Gorgonian coral care. Although most Gorgonians are non-aggressive, they still need to be separate from (i.e. Thus the common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. Put glue in the hole of an aquarium plug or stone, and then place the bottom skeletal axis inside. Underwater epoxy is commonly used to anchor its base to a piece … Types of Gorgonians Most Gorgonians are very colorful found in shades of yellow, orange, and red. Live coral frags and topics on Nano Reef Aquariums and large reef aquariums, taking care of a reef and coral propagatio, Aquarium Cycling Guide: starting up a new aquarium the right way, Diagnose illness, chart symptoms, suggested medications, What to feed tropical fish fry, livebearers and egglayers, Glossary of aquatic science terms used in ichthyology and aquarium circles for freshwater and marine animals, corals and plants. gorgonian corals (all species in the order Gorgonacea) stony corals (all species in the order Scleractinia) hydrocorals (all species in the family Stylasteridae). Before you do, you may want to use this check list! Mini reef aquarium guide. Purple Sea Blades are a little less "fluffy" having flat blades, which help slow down water and the floating yummy foods it carries. The suborder Holaxonia are composed of a fibrous protein substance, known as gorgonin, which is similar to the horn material of mammals. These types do not need as much light to survive and their polyps get their nutrients from organic matter in the water column. White Telesto. (b) Bacterial communities in gorgonian corals without zooxanthellae, mesophotic, and deep-sea species. You may want to poke holes in the PVC for better water flow. It is very important to learn about the species you are keeping for a successful reef aquarium. Like the other factors on the list so far, placement can vary depending on the species. Online HOME for The Saltwater Aquarist! Most are photosynthetic and so need light to survive, and most must be fed. They can reach very large sizes, and have colors that are subdued beige, purple, and pink. What’s more, gorgonians and many other soft corals are capable of drawing phytoplankton directly from the water column. Unit conversion calculator for aquariums: How many gallons are in your aquarium, how many drops in a teaspoon, whats the difference between a US gallon and a UK gallon, not to mention liters? A moderate and steady water flow will prevent algae and bacterial infection, ensuring your frag can grow in a healthy fashion. Green Star Polyps have a dark to bright green polyp and a purple base, so they are easy to tell apart. They are a large group of corals with a wide variety of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species, and are typically found in tropical and subtropical environments. It is important, at least for some species of Gorgonian coral, to have at least a moderate rate of water flow. There are other similarly colored gorgonians that do better in captivity. TO ORDER GORGONIANS SCROLL DOWN THIS PAGE OR CLICK HERE. Purple Sea Rod, Eunicea flexuosa, and Black Sea Rod, Plexaura homomalla. They must be anchored to the substrate and need a brisk water movement. All cnidarians are carnivores and their tentacles contain tiny harpoons (nematocysts) that can be fired to repel predators and catch food.
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