This paper therefore fills a gap by describing, in detail, the process used for a realist review and synthesis to answer the question ‘what interventions … Wong G, Westhorp G, Pawson R, Greenhalgh T. Realist synthesis. 1989;18:32–42. We will adopt an iterative and explanatory approach to synthesis of the data. This is a consensus building study which will use group concept mapping to capture the perspectives of multiple stakeholders such as trainers, trainees, allied health professionals and hospital management on priority areas for improvement within clinical learning environments. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2014-005466 Prepublication history for this paper is available online. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9. J Eval Clin Pract. Those tasked with the design and delivery of postgraduate medical education and training need to understand the relationship between the processes of medical workplace learning and these contextual elements in order to optimise conditions for learning. Formation of a review advisory group. InstanceID Mirrors crossmark:CrossmarkDomainExclusive Depicting the process will ensure that this review follows a literature informed and consistent methodology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1991. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4469-9138 Specifies the types of author information: name and ORCID of an author. The realist review will be structured according to Pawson's five practical steps in realist reviews: (1) clarifying the scope of the review, (2) determining the search strategy, (3) ensuring proper article selection and study quality assessment, (4) extracting and organising data, and (5) synthesising the evidence and drawing conclusions. DerivedFrom Gives the ORCID of an editor. General Medical Council. Our overarching aim is to produce guidelines and recommendations for the design of high quality clinical learning environments for postgraduate medical education and training. REGISTERED REPORT PROTOCOL Effectiveness of the non-pharmaceuti cal public health interventions against COVID-19; a protocol of a systematic review and realist review Shabnam Iezadi1, Saber Azami-Aghdash2, Akbar Ghiasi3, Aziz Rezapour4, Hamid Pourasghari1, Fariba Pashazadeh5, Kamal Gholipour ID 6* There is a need to ensure an environment for safe and supported disclosure of sexual violence in these clinical settings. Realist synthesis 2010;16:841–8. This realist review protocol has not been registered in any database. How educational innovations and attention to competencies in postgraduate medical education relate to preparedness for practice: the key role of the learning environment. internal Adv Heal Sci Educ. doi Gives the name of an editor. 1. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities [23, 24]. Both MeSH (medical subject headings) and free text will be employed to ensure breadth and depth of coverage. Note: Publication name can be used to differentiate between a print magazine and the online version if the names are different such as “magazine” and “magazine.com.” Medical Education Unit, School of Medicine, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Mary Horgan, Bridget Maher & Deirdre Bennett, Dublin City University Business School, Dublin, Ireland, Trinity College Dublin Business School, Dublin, Ireland, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland, Children’s University Hospital, Temple St., Dublin, Ireland, You can also search for this author in pdfToolbox London: Churchill Livingstone; 2011. p. 99–114. If used, prism:eIssn MUST contain the ISSN of the electronic version. CAS internal internal PY - 2017/9/1. Google Scholar. Springer Nature. ), geographical area in which the study was conducted, specific population and methodology used. The funder has had no role in the design of this protocol or in the writing of this manuscript. springerlink.com Initial rough searches of the literature suggest that there is a substantial published literature in this area. Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. part BMC Med Educ. Dijkstra IS, Pols J, Remmelts P, Rietzschel EF, Cohen-Schotanus J, Brand PLP. These factors may impact each other in unanticipated ways with unintended consequences. external Text Date when document was last modified MajorVersionDate This protocol outlines how realist review methods can be used to synthesise evidence on shared care for long-term conditions. 2010;85:1800–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9 Part Protocol for a realist review of workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training internal internal Intern Emerg Med. Full texts of articles deemed potentially relevant will be retrieved and evaluated for inclusion in the data extraction stage. Realist principles will be embedded in all stages of the review process. the URL). Wong BM, Holmboe ES. 2017-01-19T07:02:23+01:00 internal Understanding how appraisal of doctors produces its effects: a realist review protocol. This paper therefore fills a gap by describing, in detail, the process used for a realist review and synthesis to answer the question ‘what interventions … NISO We developed separate search strategies for understanding the scope, finding underlying theories, and identifying primary studies. aggregationType database. It has also been recognised that environments which lead to good patient outcomes are also positive learning environments [16, 17]. pdfx ID of PDF/X standard OriginalDocumentID Emerging findings will be challenged and contrary examples will be sought in the data and in theory. 1 Gives the name of a series editor. PlateNames URI 2013;88:1209–11. sn 2013;18:527–36. springerlink.com EVoR = Enhanced Version of Record A realist review of involvement will contribute to assessing when, how and why involvement works, or does not work, to produce better diabetes interventions. Collaboration for the Advancement of Medical Education Research and Assessment, CAMERA, Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth University, … stFnt In: Sawyer RK, editor. Methods: Realist review is a theory-led approach to knowledge synthesis that provides an explanatory analysis aimed at discerning what works, for whom,inwhat circumstances, how, and why. The findings will be synthesised to be of practical use and will be reported according to the RAMESES reporting standards for realist syntheses . Realist review is an interpretative, theory-driven approach that uses qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods research evidence to understand and explain how mechanisms (M) produce different outcomes (O) in different contexts (C). Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. This element provides the url for an article or unit of content. Lancet. Copyright Y1 - 2017/9/1. true Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. restore patient safety: a realist review protocol Tristan Price,1 Nicola Brennan,1 Jennifer Cleland,2 Linda Prescott-Clements,3 Amanda Wanner,4 Lyndsey Withers,5 Geoff Wong,6 Julian Archer1 To cite: Price T, Brennan N, Cleland J, et al. Doll WE, Trueit D. Complexity and the health care professions. AO = Author’s Original The learning environment and medical student burnout: a multicentre study. PubMed Gives the ORCID of an author. external Realist review The core research team is a multi-disciplinary group of researchers, clinicians and health professions educators. external In this review, scoping interviews in the RAMESES Publication Standards for Realist Synthesis and the Realist Synthesis RAMESES Training Materials. Quality of the papers selected for data extraction will be assessed, and methodological limitations will be identified and taken into account during the data synthesis phase. A PRISMA-P checklist has been completed and is available as an additional file (see Additional file 1). It is a minimal reference; missing components can be assumed to be unchanged. This article presents the protocol for a realist review to shed light on for who, how and in what circumstances P4P works in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Systematic Reviews Seq Text Firstly, an electronic data extraction sheet will be used in order to record study identification details (authors, title, publication, etc. Focussing the review question will be an iterative process consisting of exploration of the literature and relevant programme theories as well as consultation with experts and stakeholders. Chen C, Petterson S, Phillips R, Bazemore A, Mullan F. Spending patterns in region of residency training and subsequent expenditures for care provided by practicing physicians for Medicare beneficiaries. Wiese, A., Kilty, C., Bergin, C. et al. http://ns.adobe.com/xap/1.0/mm/ PROTOCOL Open Access Protocol for a realist review of workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training Anel Wiese1, Caroline Kilty1, Colm Bergin2, Patrick Flood3,NaFu4, Mary Horgan1, Agnes Higgins5, Bridget Maher1, Grainne O’Kane6, Lucia Prihodova6, Dubhfeasa Slattery7 and Deirdre Bennett1* Abstract This study will draw from the published literature and programme and substantive theories of workplace learning, to describe context, mechanism and outcome configurations for PGMET. Cognitive apprenticeship theory [33, 34] provides an account of how people learn from each other, through observation, modelling and reflection. 2010;85:S33–6. The … application/pdf An intervention may be comprised of multiple mechanisms both planned and unintentional. Grainne O’Kane 2046-4053 Gill Windle, Samantha Gregory, Andrew Newman, Anna Goulding, Dave O'Brien, Clive Parkinson. Wiener-Ogilvie S, Bennison J, Smith V. General practice training environment and its impact on preparedness. Realist review - A new method of systematic review designed for complex policy interventions. An initial programme theory for workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training will be developed and expressed in realist terms.
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